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General Pervez Musharraf: Life, Career and Biography

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Life Career and Biography of General Pervez Musharraf.

General Pervez Musharraf was born in New Delhi in 1943 and moved to Karachi with his parents after the establishment of Pakistan in 1947.

Graduated from the 29th PMA Long Course in 1964, was commissioned in the 61st SP Unit of the Artillery Regiment and later commanded the same unit.

He graduated from the Army Command and Staff College, Quetta and then studied at the Royal College of Defense Studies, London.

He was a part of the Artillery, Infantry and SSG units in the Pakistan Army and also participated in the 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pak wars.

General Pervez Musharraf also commanded 25 Brigade and 41 Division and was also DG Military Operations.

On October 1998, then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif appointed him as the Army Chief, at that time he was Corps Commander Mangla, under his leadership, Pakistan Army fought the Kargil War.

Military Coup by General Pervez Musharraf:

The former president imposed martial law in the country on October 12, 1999 and became the country’s chief executive along with the army chief.

As a result of the referendum on 20 June 2001, he assumed the office of President and participated in the Agra Conference held in New Delhi from 14 to 16 July 2001.

But no progress could be made in the bilateral disputes between Pakistan and India, including the Kashmir issue, and no joint declaration of negotiations could be issued.

He took over as a civilian president after stepping down as army chief in 2007.

The legal framework order was the most important in General Musharraf’s controversial political decisions and constitutional amendments, whereby the power to dissolve the assemblies was given back to the President of Pakistan under Article 58-2 B.

As a result of the NRO given by him, Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif returned home.

The then Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Chaudhary was asked to resign and on his refusal, he was deposed and Abdul Hameed Dogar was made the new Chief Justice.

Downfall of Military Dictator:

Lawyers protested against this decision, after which the Supreme Judicial Council reinstated Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry, but General Musharraf suspended the constitution by imposing emergency in the country on November 3, 2007.

Benazir Bhutto was martyred in a terrorist attack on December 27, 2007 at the end of an election rally in Liaquat Bagh.

On February 18, 2008, new elections were held in the country and as soon as the People’s Party came to power, they started preparing to impeach President Pervez Musharraf, upon which he resigned from his post.

Between 1999 and 2008, there were four deadly attacks on him.

When the Muslim League-N got power in 2013, they registered a case of high treason against Pervez Musharraf for breaking the constitution, after which the proceedings against him started in the special court.

Meanwhile, Pervez Musharraf continued to appear in court and then went to Dubai in March 2016 for treatment after falling ill, after which he was convicted of high treason and sentenced to death in December 2019, which was later commuted. And the judgment was annulled.

Death of General Pervez Musharraf:

Former President General Retired Pervez Musharraf passed away in Dubai at the age of 79 after prolonged illness.

He was undergoing treatment in the American Hospital in Dubai, his family is thinking about bringing his dead body to Pakistan.

Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif and President Dr. Arif Alvi expressed condolences on the death of Pervez Musharraf.

According to ISPR, Chairman Joint Chief of Staff Committee and Services Chiefs express their heartfelt condolences on the death of former President. May Allah forgive the deceased and give patience to the bereaved.

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